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Using General Reference (Tertiary) Sources

General Reference

 What about Wikipedia?

 Deep Dive into Data and Statistics (coming soon)

UNdata is an Internet search engine that retrieves data from statistical databases provided by the United Nations.  

American Fact Finder (U.S. Census Bureau)

DataCite (search engine)

DataVerse (Harvard)
World's largest collection of social science research data.

​Search for statistics from 70+ Federal statistical agencies.

Google Data Set Search
Search engine dedicated to finding data repositories on the web.  

Pew Research Center
Access free data and reports documenting the impact of technology on American life.

Statistical Abstracts 1870s-2010s (U.S. Census Bureau)

World DataBank

American Presidency Project

Biographical Dictionary
Contains brief biographical information on "28,000 notable men and women who have shaped our world from ancient times to the present day. The dictionary can be searched by birth years, death years, positions held, professions, literary and artistic works, achievements, and other keywords."

Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress: 1774 to Present

Biographical Pre-Search  

This graphic organizer will help you to gain an understanding of an individual within the context of history, as a whole.  Use this as a pre-search tool to "get-to-know" an assigned individual before you begin researching their specific contributions and actions or considering their impact on history.
 Biographical Pre-Search      Biographical Pre-Search Template 

Google Map Icon  Google Maps | Google Earth | Google Street View


CIA Maps


Open Street Map
A map of the world, created by users and free to use under open license.



Historical Maps


Identify the Source of a Quotation

  1. Check your wording.  Good quotes are verbatim
  2. Run a Google search, putting the quote in quote marks.
  3. Ask for help!