Directions: Read the summaries of the documents below used to revoke the special status in India. Analyze these documents using the following questions to compare them to those in used in the establishment of special status (Document Set A).
1. Prior to August, 2019, what governmental functions did India oversee on behalf of the State of Jammu & Kashmir?
2. How did the first two government actions listed below allow for the 3rd action to occur?
Directions Continued: Watch othe video to the right of the document summaries to examine Pakistan;s reaction to India's actions.
3. How does the reaction of the Pakistani people to India's actions differ from that of the Pakistani Government? How are these reactions contributing to the conflict?
Additional Directions: Now, watch one or both of the news stories provided at right to gain a better understanding of what is currently happening in the region. Use the following questions to analyze the impact of the revocation of special status on the people of the Kashmir Valley.
4. What is the impact of India's actions on the people of Kashmir? How are these actions increasing the conflict? Provide specific examples as evidence to support your claim.
In 1947, Article 370 of the Indian Constitution had established special "state" status for Jammu & Kashmir (see document group A). This allowed J&K some level of self-rule while under the protection of India.
In August, 2019, the following actions were taken by the government of India:
1. Presidential Order 272
2. Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, 2019
3. Presidential Order 273
With the Governor of J&K, the president now changes Article 370 of the Indian Constitution (which had given J&K special status). It is now constiutional law that "all provisions" of the Indian Constitution apply to the territory of J&K.
RESULT: Revocation of Jammu and Kashmir Special Status.
Pakistani Administred Kashmir Reacts
Extension Activity: Recently, India imposed a shutdown of the internet across the Kashmir Valley, as well as with in some other parts of the country. Consider why the government might curtail the freedom of information at this time. How might open access to the internet impact a government's power?
|Aug 9, 2019||You Can Read This Article: An internet blackout means no-one in Indian-controlled Kashmir Can by James Griffiths, CNN.|
|Nov 15, 2019||Pakistan Minister Says Will Provide Internet in Kashmir, Gets Brutally Trolled, India Today.|
|Sep 22, 2019||Modi's Digital India Comes Crashing Down in Kashmir's Longest Ever Internet Gag, The Wire.|
|Oct 31, 2019||India Official Eliminates Kashmir's Flag and Constitution as Its Internet Blackout Goes Into 13th Week by Alexandra Ma. Business Insider.|
|Nov 17, 2019||If Govt Depts Want Internt, Heads Have to Take Responsibility for Any Misuse by Mudasir Ahmad. The Wire.|
|Dec 4, 2019||Death of New in Kashmir: How internet freeze rudely ended Free Press Kashir Run by Mijid Maqbool, The Telegraph.|
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