Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
MG21 Virtual Library

Experimental Design: Writing science...

Writing Science



Tools for Reading 
Verify the meaning of words before you use them!
Get your point across by finding just the right word.

Use this tool to see the relationship between words.


 Write in the third person point-of-view.

 Use the past tense of verbs

 Define your arguments.  Don't be wishy-washy.

 Don't inflate language unnecessarily.  Read:

How to Navigate Scientific Language
Identifies common mistakes that weaken scientific writing.  There is a great list of words (identified by working scientists) that are problematic in science writing.

Acknowledging Sources

Check out these guides to properly acknowleding your sources:


Paraphrase Indicators
Helping your audience gauge your arguments.

Plagiarism: A Student Guide
Learn how to avoid this scholarly mistake.

Use Your Noodle Tool
Teach yourself to use this online citation and bibliographic organizer.  

Structure of Common Science Writing

(use to document lab experiments)

  • Objectives
  • Problem
  • Hypothesis
  • Procedure
  • Data/Observations
  • Analysis/Graphs
  • Conclusion

(used to document visits)

  • Title
  • Introduction
  • Body (detailed review of the information obtained or observations made)
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Appendix

(used to compare existing research)

  • Purpose of review
  • Review of existing research
    • grouped by category
      • research approach 
      • subtopic
      • date
    • paraphrase, including author's thesis and main points.
    • comparative
  • Gaps or inconsistencies in research 
  • Next steps/proposal in achieving your purpose in light of review.
  • Bibliography

Find more support for literature reviews at UNC | UW-Madison

(used to share formal research findings)

  • Title Page
  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents
  • Introduction
  • Literature Review
  • Methodology
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • References


Library Information and Media Center - Monona Grove High School - Monona, Wisconsin

Answers| Catalog | Guides | Resources | Teachers